اولویت‌بندی فناوری‌های نوین قابل‌استفاده در اماکن ورزشی با تأکید بر کاهش مصرف انرژی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکدة تربیت‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 کارشناسی‌ارشد مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکدة تربیت‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 کارشناسی‌ارشد مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکدة تربیت‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران

4 دانشیار مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکدة تربیت‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف اولویت‌بندی فناوری‌های نوین قابل‌استفاده در اماکن ورزشی با تأکید بر کاهش مصرف انرژی انجام شد. روش پژوهش حاضر از نوع آمیخته بود. در بخش کیفی ابتدا با مرور پیشینة پژوهش و مصاحبه با نخبگان آگاه از موضوع، تا حد رسیدن به اشباع نظری (مصاحبه با 11 نفر از افرادی که سابقة پژوهشی یا اجرایی در حوزة انرژی در صنعت ساخت و ساز و ورزش داشتند)، فناوری­های نوین کاهش مصرف انرژی در سه مؤلفة آب (شش فناوری)، برق (نُه فناوری) و گاز (نُه فناوری) شناسایی و دسته بندی شدند. سپس فناوری‌های شناسایی‌شده در قالب پرسشنامة مقایسه‌های زوجی در اختیار نمونة آماری در بخش کمّی قرار گرفتند. جامعة آماری در بخش کمّی 50 نفر بودند که شامل اساتید مدیریت اماکن ورزشی، اساتید دانشکده‌های فنی، مدیران اماکن ورزشی پیشرفته، کارشناسان شرکت توسعه و تجهیز اماکن ورزشی و کارشناسان دفتر محیط‌زیست وزارت ورزش و جوانان می‌شدند. نمونة آماری با جامعة آماری برابر بود و 50 پرسشنامه برگشت داده شد. از روش تحلیل سلسله‌مراتبی در محیط نرم‌افزار بهین‌گستر برای مقایسة دوبه‌دوی فناوری­ها و اولویت‌بندی فناوری­های کاهش مصرف انرژی در اماکن ورزشی استفاده شد. «دوش ‌آینده» در کاهش مصرف آب (با وزن نسبی 32/0) و «سیستم مدیریت ساختمان»در کاهش مصرف برق و گاز (با وزن نسبی 30/0 و 29/0) مهم‌ترین فناوری­ها شناخته شدند؛ بنابراین با توجه به محدودبودن منابع انرژی در کشور، مدیران اماکن ورزشی باید در راستای بهره‌وری از فناوری‌های برتر به‌منظور توسعة پایدار اماکن ورزشی گام بردارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Prioritizing New Usable Technologies in Sports Facilities with an Emphasis on Reducing Energy Consumption

نویسندگان [English]

  • Amin Dehghan Ghahfarokhi 1
  • Bahareh Pur Sharif Surkuhi 2
  • Amir Ansari Ardali 3
  • Majid Jalali Farahani 4
1 Assistant Professor of Sport Management, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 M.Sc. of Sport Management, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 M.Sc. of Sport Management, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Allameh Tabataba`i, Tehran, Iran
4 Associate Professor of Sport Management, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

This research aims to prioritizing new usable technologies in sports facilities with an emphasis on reducing energy consumption. Mixed research method (qualitative and quantitative) has used in this study. The population of the study was 50 of experts that had studies in areas of sport facilities, energy engineering, Civil Engineering and the environment. Sample was equal with population. In the qualitative section, qualitative interviews have conducted with 11 experts. In quantitative section, AHP researcher-made questionnaire by Behingostar software have used to data collection. Findings of the qualitative analysis showed that the new usable technologies used in sports facilities with the emphasis of the reduction of energy consumption have divided into the three main indexes of the new technologies reducing water (6 item), power (9 item) and Gas (9 item) consumption. Building management system was the most important technology in reducing power and gas consumption (relative weight 0.30 and 0.29) in sport facilities. Future bath showers (relative weight 0.32) were most important technology in reducing water consumption. Therefore, due to the limited availability of energy resources in the country, managers of sports facilities have to step in order to benefit these technologies to develop sustainable sports facilities in the future.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sustainable Development
  • sport facilities
  • New Technologies
  • Energy Consumption
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