طراحی و تبیین مدل فرایند مدیریت استعداد معلمان تربیت‌بدنی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه صنعتی شاهرود

2 دانشیار مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه صنعتی شاهرود

چکیده

هدف از انجام پژوهش حاضر، طراحی و تبیین مدل «فرایند مدیریت استعداد» معلمان تربیت‌بدنی کشور بود. این پژوهش ازنظر هدف، کاربردی و ازحیث روش انجام پژوهش، آمیخته (کیفی-کمّی) بود. در مرحلة کیفی، 16 نفر از صاحب‌نظران در مدیریت منابع انسانی در ورزش و صاحب‌نظران در تربیت‌بدنی آموزش‌وپرورش با روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند، برای شناسایی اولیة مؤلفه‌های مدیریت استعداد معلمان تربیت‌بدنی انتخاب شدند. بخش کمّی پژوهش نیز با روش پیمایشی با هدف سنجش و برازش مدل نظری انجام شد. همة معلمان تربیت‌بدنی کشور جامعة آماری بخش کمّی پژوهش را تشکیل دادند. با توجه به هدف پژوهش، 384 نفر در بخش تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی و 345 نفر در بخش تحلیل عاملی تأییدی با روش تصادفی طبقه ای به‌عنوان نمونة آماری پژوهش انتخاب شدند. داده‌های مورد‌نیاز برای شناسایی نهایی مؤلفه‌ها و تحلیل مدل، با استفاده از پرسش‌نامة پژوهشگرساخته، پس از روایی (صوری، محتوا و سازه) و اعتبار‌سنجی پرسش‌نامه گردآوری شدند. برای محاسبة پایایی ابزار از روش آلفای کرونباخ و پایایی ترکیبی و برای تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها از روش‌های تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی، تأییدی و معادلات ساختاری استفاده شد. براساس نتایج تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی، 29 گویة شناسایی‌شده به‌عنوان مؤلفه‌های فرایند مدیریت استعداد معلمان تربیت‌بدنی کشور، در پنج بُعد استراتژی سازمان، شناسایی و ارزیابی، استخدام و به‌کارگیری، توسعه و بهسازی و نیز حفظ و نگهداری استعداد‌ها دسته‌بندی شدند. درنهایت، بررسی و آزمون مدل مفهومی پژوهش نشان داد که شاخص‌های کلی برازش مدل در وضعیت مناسب و مطلوب قرار دارند و عوامل شناسایی‌شده رابطة معنادار با سازة اصلی مطالعه‌شده، یعنی فرایند مدیریت استعداد معلمان تربیت بدنی کشور دارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Designing and Explaining the Talent Management Process Model of Physical Education Teachers

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Akbar Aghaei 1
  • Hassan Bahrololoum 2
  • Reza Andam 2
1 Ph.D. in Sport Management, Shahrood University of Technology
2 Associate Professor of Sport Management, Shahrood University of Technology
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was Designing and explaining the Talent Management Process Model of Physical Education Teachers. This is an applied qualitative-quantitative study in two stages. In the qualitative stage, 16 experts of human resources management in sport and physical education experts through purposive sampling were selected to identify the components of talent management of physical education teachers. In the quantitative phase, the model was tested in a survey. The statistical population of this section included all physical education teachers in Iran. According to the research purpose, 384 people were selected in the exploratory factor analysis and 345 people in the confirmatory factor analysis section were selected by Stratified random sampling as a statistical sample. The required data for identifying the components and analyzing the model were collected using a researcher-made questionnaire after obtaining the validity (face, content and structure). To calculate reliability Cronbach’s alpha and Composite Reliability were used, and to analyze the data, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation were used. The results of exploratory factor analysis showed that 29 finalized items were classified as Components of talent management Process in five dimensions of "Organization Strategy, Identify and Assess, Talent Recruitment, Talent Development & Improvement and Talent Retention ". Finally, examined and tested of structural equation model of the study showed that, overall indices of Structural model were in good condition and the identified factors have a significant relationship with the main structure of the study - the talent management process of the physical education teachers.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Talent management
  • talent development
  • Talent Retention
  • Physical Education Teachers
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