تأثیر بی‌ثباتی نرخ ارز بر تراز تجاری بخش ورزش در کشورهای منتخب منا

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه ارومیه

2 استاد مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه ارومیه

چکیده

در این مطالعه اثر بی­ ثباتی نرخ ارز بر تراز تجاری بخش ورزش در کشورهای منتخب منا بررسی شده است. بدین‌منظور از داده­ های صادرات و واردات کالاهای ورزشی 11 کشور منتخب منا در طی دورة 2018- 2000 که از سایت مرکز تجارت جهانی جمع­ آوری شد، استفاده شد. پژوهش حاضر به لحاظ هدف از نوع پژوهش‌های کاربردی و به لحاظ روش پژوهش از نوع مطالعات توصیفی-تحلیلی بود. گردآوری آمار و داده­ های پژوهش به‌صورت اسنادی و کتابخانه ­ای بود. همچنین آمار متغیرهای مربوط به تولید ناخالص داخلی سرانة کشورها، تولید ناخالص داخلی سرانة کل دنیا و نرخ واقعی ارز از بانک جهانی گردآوری شد. سپس با استفاده از روش‌های مبتنی‌بر داده ­های پانلی ازجمله تکنیک­ های اثرات ثابت، اثرات تصادفی و حداقل مربعات وزنی انعطاف ­پذیر سعی شد بهترین مدل برآوردی برای تفسیر و ارائة نتایج انتخاب شود. پس از بررسی آماره­ های لازم، مدل نهایی برای تفسیر نتایج با کمک نرم‌افزار ایویوز نسخة نُه انتخاب شد. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که متغیرهای لگاریتم نرخ ارز واقعی، لگاریتم تولید ناخالص داخلی سرانه و لگاریتم تولید ناخالص داخلی جهان اثر معناداری بر لگاریتم تراز تجاری ورزشی در کشورهای منتخب منا داشتند. لذا تدوین سیاست­ های مناسب در جهت کاهش وابستگی به واردات محصولات ورزشی و برنامه ­ریزی مناسب در جهت بهبود صنعت لازم و ضرروی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Exchange Rate Volatility on Trade Balance Sports Sector in Selected Countries in the MENA

نویسندگان [English]

  • Roghayeh Sarlab 1
  • Mirhasan Seyed Ameri 2
1 Assistant Professor of Sport Management, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Urmia University
2 Professor of Sport Management, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Urmia
چکیده [English]

This study examined the effect of exchange rate volatility on trade balance sports sector in selected countries in the MENA. For this purpose, the export and import data of sports goods of 11 selected countries of Mena were collected during the period 2000-2018, which was from the website of the World Trade Center. The purpose of this study is applied research and descriptive-analytical in terms of research method. Data on exports and imports of goods and MENA selected countries of the World Trade Center site were collected. The statistics of variables related to countries GDP per capita, world GDP per capita and real exchange rate are also collected from the World Bank. Then, panel data methods such as fixed effects techniques, random effects and flexible squares were tried to select the best estimation model to interpret and present the results. Finally, after reviewing the necessary statistics, the final model was selected to interpret the results with the help of EViews version 9 software. The results showed that variables of real exchange rate logarithm, per capita GDP and world GDP logarithm have significant effect on logarithm of sport trade balance in MENA countries. Therefore, formulating appropriate policies to reduce dependence on imports of sports products and proper planning to improve the industry is necessary.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Exchange rate volatility
  • trade balance sports sector
  • Export and Imports
  • Sports Industry
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