فراتحلیل مطالعات دلایل اغتشاش تماشاگران فوتبال در ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی‌ارشد مدیریت ورزشی، گروه تربیت بدنی، واحد خوی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، خوی، ایران

2 استادیار مدیریت ورزشی، گروه تربیت بدنی، واحد خوی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، خوی، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف فراتحلیل مطالعات عوامل و دلایل مؤثر بر اغتشاشات تماشاگران فوتبال ایران انجام شد. روش پژوهش از نوع فراتحلیل بود. جامعة آماری شامل همة پژوهش‌های گزارش‌شده در زمینة بررسی عوامل مؤثر بر زمینة پرخاشگری و اغتشاشات تماشاگران فوتبال از 1382 تا 1397 بود. از بین جامعة آماری، 17 پژوهش که معیارهای ورود به فراتحلیل را داشتند، از طریق روش سرشماری به‌عنوان نمونة پژوهش انتخاب شدند. نودوهفت فرضیة پژوهشی از مطالعات نمونة پژوهش استخراج شدند و در سه طبقة عوامل فردی، فوتبالی و محیطی مدیریتی طبقه‌بندی شدند و در فرایند فراتحلیل وارد شدند.برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌های جمع‌آوری‌شده به‌صورت جداگانه از نرم‌افزارهای فراتحلیل و اس.پی.اس.اس. استفاده شد. نتایج با استفاده از مدل اثرات تصادفی نشان داد که اندازة اثر کلی همة عوامل مؤثر بر اغتشاشات فوتبال ایران برابر با 252/0 = r است (05/0 >P). همچنین برطبق نتایج، اندازة اثر عوامل مدیریتی برابر با 320/0 = r ، عوامل فردی برابر با 20/0 = r و عوامل مرتبط با فوتبال برابر با 169/0 =r  به‌دست آمد که همة اندازة اثرات بر طبق نظر کوهن در حد متوسط ارزیابی شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Meta-Analysis of Studies of the Causes of Football Spectator’s Riots in Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Vali Rahimi 1
  • Mohammad Nasiri 2
1 M.Sc. of Sport Management, Department of Physical Education, Khoy Branch Islamic Azad University, Khoy, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Sport Management, Department of Physical Education, Khoy Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khoy, Iran
چکیده [English]

The present study was conducted with the aim of analyzing the studies of the factors and reasons affecting the riots of Iranian football spectators. The research method was a meta-analysis. The statistical population included all reported research in the field of investigating the factors influencing the aggression and disturbances of football fans from 2004 to 2019. Among the statistical population, 17 studies that had criteria for entering the meta-analysis were selected through a census method as a research sample. A total of 97 research hypotheses were extracted from research samples and categorized in three categories: individual, football and environmental-managerial factors, and entered the process of meta-analysis. CMA2 and SPSS software were used to analyze the collected data separately. The results using the random effects model showed that the overall effect size of all the effective factors in soccer disturbances is r = 0.252 (p <0.05). Also, according to the results, the effect size of the management factors was r =0.32, the individual factors r = 0.2 and the factors related to soccer were r = 0.169. All effects were moderately evaluated according to Cohen.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Football Spectator’s Riots
  • Hooliganism
  • Vandalism
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