بررسی تأثیر سبک رهبری زهرآگین بر بدبینی سازمانی و بیگانگی شغلی کارکنان وزارت ورزش و جوانان با نقش میانجی ماکیاولیسم

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه رازی

2 دانشیار مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه رازی

3 استادیار مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه رازی

چکیده

هدف از انجام این پژوهش، بررسی تأثیر سبک رهبری زهرآگین بر بدبینی سازمانی و بیگانگی شغلی کارکنان وزارت ورزش و جوانان با نقش میانجی ماکیاولیسم بود. روش پژوهش، توصیفی بود و در دستة پژوهش‌های کاربردی قرار دارد. جامعة آماری پژوهش همة کارکنان رسمی وزارت ورزش و جوانان به تعداد 335 نفر بودند. حجم نمونة پژوهش براساس جدول مورگان 180 نفر بود که به‌صورت تصادفی ساده انتخاب شدند. ابزار استفاده‌شده برای جمع‌آوری داده‌ها پرسش‌نامة استاندارد «رهبری زهرآگین» از اشمیت (2008)، پرسش‌نامة «ماکیاولیسم» از روث آلاس (2009)، پرسش‌نامة «بدبینی سازمانی» از کالاگان (2009) و پرسش‌نامة «بیگانگی شغلی» از بانای و ریسل (2007) بود. شش نفر از اساتید مدیریت ورزشی دانشگاه رازی روایی محتوایی پرسش‌نامه‌ها را تأیید کردند و پایایی این پرسش‌نامه ها به‌ترتیب 89/0، 87/0، 88/0 و 84/0 تعیین شد. برای تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها آزمون ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و مدل تحلیل مسیر با استفاده از نرم‌افزارهای اس.پی.اس.اس و آموس به‌کار برده شد. نتایج نشان داد که رهبری زهرآگین بر بدبینی سازمانی و بیگانگی شغلی به‌ترتیب با ضریب تأثیر 53/0 و 50/0 تأثیری مثبت داشت. همچنین، ماکیاولیسم نقش میانجی را با ضریب تأثیر 32/0 و 34/0 به‌ترتیب برای تأثیر رهبری زهرآگین بر بدبینی سازمانی و بیگانگی شغلی ایفا کرد؛ بنابراین، مدیران باید سعی کنند تاحدممکن رفتارهای زهرآگین در شیوة رهبری خود نداشته باشند؛ زیرا، وجود و تداوم این رفتارهای منفی مدیران را به‌سمت بی‌توجهی به سازمان و منابع انسانی آن سوق می‌دهد و شرایط را برای بدبین‌شدن و بیگانه‌شدن کارکنان با سازمان فراهم می‌کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Toxic Leadership Style on Organizational Cynicism and Job Alienation of Staff in the Sports and Youth Ministry of Iran with a Mediating Role of Machiavellianism

نویسندگان [English]

  • Kamran Eidi Pour 1
  • Bahram Yosefy 2
  • Shirin Zardoshtian 3
  • Hossein Eydi 3
1 Ph.D. Student of Sport Management, Razi University
2 Associate Professor of Sport Management, Razi University
3 Assistant Professor of Sport Management, Razi University
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this research was to investigate the effect of toxic leadership style on organizational cynicism and job alienation among the staff in the Sports and Youth Ministry of Iran with a mediating role of Machiavellianism. The methodology was descriptive and applied research. The population of the study consisted of all members of the official staff in the Sports and Youth Ministry (335 people). The sample was 180 individuals who were randomly selected using Morgan's table. The instruments used for the research were four standard questionnaires: Schmidt toxic leadership (2008), Ruth Klaus Machiavellian questionnaire (2009), Kalagan organizational cynicism questionnaire (2009) and Bani and Rissel job alienation questionnaire (2007). The content validity of the questionnaires was confirmed by six faculty members from Razi University. The reliability of the questionnaires was 89.8, 0.87, 0.88 and 0.84, respectively. The Pearson correlation coefficient and path analysis model were used to analyze the data in SPSS and Amos software. The results showed that toxic leadership has a positive effect on organizational cynicism and job alienation, with 0.53 and 0.50 impact factors, respectively. It can be argued that Machiavellianism played a mediating role with a 0.32 and 0.34 impact factor for toxic leadership on organizational cynicism and job alienation, respectively. The results suggest that managers should minimize poisonous behavior as much as possible in their leadership style, because the existence and continuation of such negative behavior ultimately distracts the attention from the organization and its human resources and provides conditions for pessimism and alienation of employees of the organization.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Leadership toxic
  • Machiavellianism
  • Organizational cynicism
  • Job alienation
  • Sports and Youth Ministry
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