ارزیابی کارایی تیم‌های بسکتبال مردان در بازی‌های المپیک 2016 ریودوژانیرو برزیل

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه گیلان

2 استادیار مدیریت، دانشگاه گیلان

3 استادیار مدیریت ورزشی، پژوهشگاه علوم ورزشی

4 دانشجوی دکترای مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه گیلان

چکیده

هدف از انجام پژوهش حاضر ارزیابی کارایی تیم‌های بسکتبال حاضر در المپیک 2016 در کشور برزیل بود. پژوهش ازنوع توصیفی و تحلیلی بود و روش جمع‌آوری داده‌ها اسنادی و کتابخانه‌ای بود. جامعۀ پژوهش تیم‌های بسکتبال حاضر در المیپک 2016 ریودوژانیرو بودند. با توجه به محدودیت جامعة آماری، تعداد حجم نمونه با جامعة آماری که 12 تیم بود، از سایت فدراسیون جهانی بسکتبال (فیفا) گرفته شد و در دو بخش تهاجمی و تدافعی طبقه‌بندی شد. در این پژوهش از مدل‌های رگرسیون و تحلیل پوششی‌داده‌ها و نرم‌افزار اس.پی.اس.اس. برای تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که در مرحله تهاجمی تیم‌های نیجریه و آمریکا کارایی کامل و در مرحله تدافعی تیم‌های کرواسی، فرانسه، لیتوانی، نیجریه و آرژانتین کارایی یک را کسب کردند. فقط تیم نیجریه با جایگاه 11 در رتبه‌بندی، در کارایی کلی رتبة یک را به خود اختصاص داد. همچنین، بین رتبة کارایی و موقعیت تیم­ها رابطه­ای وجود نداشت؛ درنتیجه، مربیان تیم بسکتبال ایران و کشورهای دیگر با شناخت وضعیت تهاجمی و تدافعی حریفان خود می‌توانند با برنامه­ریزی­ها، تمرین‌های مفیدتر و انتخاب راهبرد مناسب­تر به رویارویی با رقبا بپردازند و فاصلة خود را با کشورهای صاحب‌عنوان کاهش دهند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Efficiency Evaluation of Men’s Basketball Teams in Olympic Games 2016 Rio de Janeiro Brazil

نویسندگان [English]

  • Shahram Shafiee 1
  • Keikhosro Yakideh 2
  • Hossein Zareian 3
  • Hakimeh Afrouzeh 4
1 Assistant Professor of Sport Management, University of Guilan, Rasht
2 Assistant Professor of Management, University of Guilan, Rasht
3 Assistant Professor of Sport Management, Sports Sciences Research Institute, Tehran
4 Ph.D. Student in Sport Management, University of Guilan, Rasht
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study is Evaluating Efficiency of the Teams Basketball that Presence in Olympic 2016 Brazil. The study is descriptive-analytical in terms of data collection is attributive and libraries. The statistical population consisted of all teams participating in the Men's Olympic Basketball in Brazil (2016).  Because of limitation in amount of population, the sample size was considered equal to the population size (N=12). The data refer to the site of the World Federation of Association basketball (FIBA) and classified in two offensive and defensive phases and for analyzed with using SPSS19 and DEA software. The results showed that two teams in offensive phase include Nigeria and USA has full efficiency were equal to 1. Croatia, France, Lithuania, Argentina and Nigeria also the most efficient teams as well as teams in the tournament were the defensive phase. Also, there was no relationship between ranked teams’ performance and position. As a result, the coaches of the basketball team of Iran and other countries can recognize the opponents' offensive and defensive status by choosing more effective plans and exercises and choosing a more appropriate strategy to confront their rivals and reduce their distance with the titular countries.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Basketball
  • Data Envelopment Analysis
  • Efficiency
  • Olympic 2016 Rio de Janeiro Brazil
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