نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه مازندران، بابلسر، ایران

2 دانشیار مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه مازندران، بابلسر، ایران

3 استاد مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه مازندران، بابلسر، ایران

چکیده

هدف از انجام پژوهش حاضر شناسایی و اولویت‌بندی شاخص‌های استعدادیابی ورزش جودو در ایران بود. روش انجام پژوهش، آمیخته (در بخش کیفی، روش دلفی کلاسیک تعدیل‌شده و در بخش کمی، توصیفی- تحلیلی) بود. جامعة آماری در بخش کیفی مسئولان و اعضای کمیته‌های فدراسیون، مربیان تیم‌های ملی و تعدادی از اساتید استعدادیابی ورزشی (تعداد = 30) و در بخش کمی، اعضای فدراسیون، مربیان و ورزشکاران تیم ملی، مسئولان هیئت‌ها، کارشناسان و اساتید دانشگاه (تعداد = 105) بودند. نمونه‌گیری به‌صورت هدفمند و دردسترس انجام شد. ابزار گردآوری داده‌ها در بخش کیفی، مصاحبه و در بخش کمی، پرسش‌نامة پژوهشگرساخته بود. روایی پرسش‌نامه با نظر 12 نفر از اساتید مدیریت ورزشی تأیید شد. پایایی پرسش‌نامه نیز با استفاده از ضریب آلفای کرونباخ (79/0 = α) به‌دست آمد. تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از آمار توصیفی (فراوانی‌ها و رسم جداول) و استنباطی (تحلیل عامل اکتشافی و آزمون فریدمن) به‌ کمک نرم‌افزار اس.پی.اس.اس. نسخة 20 انجام شد و نیز تحلیل عامل تأییدی به کمک نرم‌افزار لیزرل نسخه 5/8 انجام گرفت. براساس نتایج، شاخص‌های استعدادیابی جودو به‌ترتیب اولویت عبارت بودند از: ویژگی‌های مهارتی، جسمانی و فیزیولوژیک، پیکرسنجی و روان‌شناختی. با توجه به یافته‌های پژوهش، مسئولان فدراسیون باید به شاخص‌های استعدادیابی مختص به ورزش جودو توجه ویژه کنند. بدون‌تردید، نگاه علمی به فرایند استعدادیابی می‌تواند در راه اعتلای ورزش جودو ایران ازطریق کسب موفقیت ورزشکاران در مسابقات و رویدادهای ورزشی جودو مفید واقع شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

Identification and Prioritization of Judo Talent Identification Parameters for Judo Sport in Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Ali Noudehi 1
  • Morteza Dousti 2
  • Seyyed Mohammad Hossein Razavi 3

1 Ph.D. Student of Sport Management, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran

2 Associate Professor of Sport Management, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran

3 Professor of Sport Management, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran

چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was identification and prioritization of Judo talent identification parameters for Judo sport in Iran. This research was mixed method (in quality, classic modified Delphi method and quantitative, descriptive and analytical), respectively. The populations in the qualitative section consist of federation officials, national team coaches and experts of sports talent (n=30), and in the quantitative section included members of the Federation, the national team coaches and athletes, provincial officials and university professors (n=105). Sampling was targeted and accessible. Data Collection tools was interviews and a researcher-made questionnaire. Its validity was confirmed by 12 experts. Reliability confirmed through Cronbach's alpha that obtained 0.79. Data analysis was done through using descriptive statistics (frequencies, tables) and inferential statistics (EFA and Friedman test) with Spss20 and CFA was performed with using LISREL 8.5. According to results, judo talent indicators based on priorities are as follow: Characteristics of skill, physical and physiological, anthropometric and psychological. According to results, administrators of federation should pay attention to judo talent indicators. Undoubtedly, a scientific view to the process of talent identification can be useful to develop judo through athlete’s win in judo competitions and sport events.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Iran
  • Judo
  • Talent identification indicator
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