طراحی مدل روابط تبادل اجتماعی بین مربیان و دانشجویان ورزشکار مناطق منتخب دانشگاه‌های آزاد اسلامی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکترای مدیریت و برنامه‌ریزی تربیت‌بدنی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران

2 استاد مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران

3 دانشیار مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکزی

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش طراحی مدل روابط تبادل اجتماعی بین مربیان و دانشجویان ورزشکار در مناطق منتخب دانشگاه‌های آزاد اسلامی بود. روش پژوهش، توصیفی- همبستگی وازنوعمطالعات کاربردیبود. دانشجویان ورزشکار دانشگاه‌های آزاد اسلامی مناطق 1، 4، 16، 26 و 30 (2072 نفر) جامعةآماری پژوهش را تشکیل دادند.تعداد نمونه مطابق با جدول مورگان، 327 نفر تعیین شد که به روش دردسترس، متناسب با حجم نمونه انتخاب شدند. برای جمعآوری دادهها از پرسشنامة نقش تعاملات مربی- ورزشکار در افزایش عملکرد دانشجویان ورزشکار استفاده شد. ضریب آلفای کرونباخ این پرسش‌نامه 947/0 به‌دست آمد. از روشهای آمار توصیفی برای توصیف دادهها، از آزمون کلموگروف-اسمیرنوف برای طبیعی‌بودن دادهها و برای آزمون مدل از مدل معادلات ساختاری استفاده شد. یافته‌ها نشان داد که مدل پژوهش از برازش لازم برخوردار بود. درک از عدالت بر اعتماد اثر معنا‌داری داشت. همچنین، اثر اعتماد بر تبادل رهبر- عضو معنا‌دار بود و مشخص شد که تبادل رهبر- عضو به‌طور مستقیم و غیرمستقیم با میانجی‌گری تعهد، بر عملکرد فردی آزمودنی‌ها اثر دارد؛ بنابراین، طبق نظریة تبادل اجتماعی، مربیان با جلب اعتماد دانشجویان ورزشکار می‌توانند روابط تبادلی بین خود و دانشجویان ورزشکار را استمرار دهند تا زمینة بهبود عملکرد فردی دانشجویان ورزشکار فراهم شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Designing Social Exchange Communication Model among Coaches and Athlete Students Selected Areas of Islamic Azad Universities

نویسندگان [English]

  • Haleh Fazel 1
  • Seyed Amir Ahmad Mozafari 2
  • Ali Zarei 3
1 Ph.D. of Physical Education Planning and Management, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran
2 Professor of Sport Management, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran
3 Associate Professor of Sport Management, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to design social exchange communication model among coaches and athlete students selected areas of Islamic Azad Universities. The study was conducted by an applicable descriptive correlation method. The population included the athlete students from 1, 4, 16, 26, and 30 areas of Islamic Azad Universities (2072 persons). The sample size was 327 people based on Morgan schedule by using convenience method. Data were selected by the role of coach-athlete interactions questionnaire in athlete students’ performance. Cronbach's alpha coefficient of the questionnaire was 0.947. Descriptive statistics, and Kolmogorov-Smirnov regarding normality, and structural equation model for testing were utilized. The model correlation was confirmed. Understanding of justice had a significant effect on trust. Also, leader- member exchange had a significant effect on trust, and it was found that leader-member exchange had a direct and indirect effect on the individual performance through the mediation of commitment. Therefore, according to the social exchange theory, coaches after athlete students trust going could establish continued interactive relationship among themselves and athlete students which could promote individual athlete students’ performance.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Justice
  • Trust
  • Leader-Member Exchange
  • Commitment
  • Individual Performance
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