The aim of the current research was to present a model for explaining obstacles and drivers of social development in the programs of sports organizations for development and peace (SDP). This research was conducted with a qualitative research method and with an exploratory-fundamental nature. The research data was collected through the criterion-oriented purposeful sampling method and based on in-depth interviews. Based on the foundational data theory and with the classical approach, the data were coded and analyzed. According to the research results, the social development model was defined based on three main categories. The central category of social development through sports included the subcategories of collective social responsibility, sustainable peace, improving the quality of social communication, planned socio-sports changes, equality and justice, social integration and cohesion, and individual and collective well-being. Also, the data analysis showed that the obstacles or limitations of social development through sports are the combination of resource limitations, pessimism towards sports, inter-organizational conflicts, knowledge gaps, planning mistakes, management issues, legal issues, executive issues, gender discrimination, political issues, socio-cultural issues and economic problems have been created. In contrast to the drivers, it was a combination of merit selection, networking, strategic planning, shared leadership, streamlining, awareness and training, culture building, reengineering and support. According to the results of the research, it is suggested to form a coherent network of organizations and institutions related to development, especially social development through sports, with a shared leadership approach, so that planned sports-social interventions can be carried out with a coherent policy.