The purpose of this study was to design a quantitative model of Influential Factors on the national and international development of Iranian chess. The method of this study was correlational which was applied (in terms of purpose) and exploratory (in terms of nature). The statistical population consisted of all scientific, executive, and sports experts in the field of chess, and using the available sampling method, 82 people entered the study. The research instrument was a 55-item researcher-made questionnaire with total reliability of 0.876. In order to analyze data, we used descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation, frequency, frequency percentage, etc.) and inferential statistics (exploratory factor analysis tests using, confirmatory factor analysis, and structural equation model by least squaresnal development of Iranian chess. These factors are the desired model of development (β= 0.811), globalization (β= 0.802), management and planning factors (β= 0.796), talent identification and education (β= 0.782), development of coaches and human resources (β= 0.731), hardware equipment (β= 0.707), motivation and support of human resources (β= 0.686), climatic conditions (β= 0.679), competitions and Sports camps (β = 0.664), budget and financial resources (β= 0.655), sports diplomacy (β= 0,568), coordination and communication (β= 0.516), and technology (β= 0.508). According to the results, relevant managers and organizations such as the Chess Federation can take operational steps to develop chess in Iran. Due to the gap in the research background, we can use these results to complete the theoretical foundations of Chess.